Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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 Table of Contents    
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 321-322
Winning Together: C3T2 Updated COVID-19 Infographic

1 Department of Research and Innovation, St. Lukes University Health Network, Bethlehem, PA, USA
2 Department of Emergency Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA
3 Department of Anesthesiology, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH, USA
4 William Novick Global Cardiac Alliance, Memphis, TN, USA
5 Department of Emergency Medicine, Florida State University, Sarasota, FL, USA

Click here for correspondence address and email

Date of Web Publication7-Dec-2020

How to cite this article:
Stawicki SP, de Wulf AL, Papadimos TJ, Taylor N, Firstenberg MS, Galwankar SC. Winning Together: C3T2 Updated COVID-19 Infographic. J Emerg Trauma Shock 2020;13:321-2

How to cite this URL:
Stawicki SP, de Wulf AL, Papadimos TJ, Taylor N, Firstenberg MS, Galwankar SC. Winning Together: C3T2 Updated COVID-19 Infographic. J Emerg Trauma Shock [serial online] 2020 [cited 2022 Oct 7];13:321-2. Available from:

To achieve the planetary goal of extinguishing the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, a simplified set of recommendations, build upon our previously published guidelines,[1] is presented here. The current update expands on the cumulative experience of the most successful public health systems around the globe.[2],[3],[4],[5] The simplified paradigm is called “C3–T2” and highlights the importance of facial coverage (e.g., mask wearing) and the avoidance of environments or circumstances where the risk of viral transmission is highest (e.g., crowds, closed spaces, and close interpersonal contacts). In addition, our public health message emphasizes contact tracing and universal COVID-19 testing, with appropriate isolation measures for those who test positive and those at risk of positive conversion.[5],[6],[7] It is critically important that these measures are followed before, during, and for a significant period after the dissemination of any upcoming vaccines (e.g., complacency in this critical sphere will likely result in potentially preventable morbidity and mortality).

As always, we encourage readers to stay informed, follow local institutional leadership and guidelines, embrace cooperation and collaborative approaches, the use of point-of-care testing and telemedicine, and think critically to “disarm” any harmful (and potentially politicized) medical disinformation.[8],[9],[10],[11] We are getting closer to defeating the international health security threat of COVID-19. Please help do your part!

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

   References Top

Stawicki SP, Galwankar SC. Winning together: Novel coronavirus (COVID-19) infographic. J Emerg Trauma Shock 2020;13:103.  Back to cited text no. 1
  [Full text]  
Feder S. Japan Avoided a Lockdown by Telling Everyone to Steer Clear of the 3 C’s. Here’s What that Means; November 8, 2020. Available from: [Last retrieved on 2020 Nov 05].  Back to cited text no. 2
Stawicki SP, Jeanmonod R, Miller AC, Paladino L, Gaieski DF, Yaffee AQ, et al. The 2019-2020 novel coronavirus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) pandemic: A Joint American College of Academic International Medicine-World Academic Council of Emergency Medicine Multidisciplinary COVID-19 Working Group Consensus Paper. J Glob Infect Dis 2020;12:47-93.  Back to cited text no. 3
Martin TW, Yoon D. How South Korea Successfully Managed Coronavirus; November 8, 2020. Available from: [Last retrieved on 2020 Nov 05].  Back to cited text no. 4
Salathé M, Althaus CL, Neher R, Stringhini S, Hodcroft E, Fellay J, et al. COVID-19 epidemic in Switzerland: On the importance of testing, contact tracing and isolation. Swiss Med Wkly 2020;150:w20225.  Back to cited text no. 5
Fiore VG, DeFelice N, Glicksberg BS, Perl O, Shuster A, Kulkarni K, et al. Containment of future waves of COVID-19: Simulating the impact of different policies and testing capacities for contact tracing, testing, and isolation. medRxiv 2020;6: doi: 10.1101/2020.06.05.20123372.  Back to cited text no. 6
Ng K, Poon BH, Kiat Puar TH, Shan Quah JL, Loh WJ, Wong YJ, et al. COVID-19 and the risk to health care workers: A case report. Ann Intern Med 2020;172:766-7.  Back to cited text no. 7
Plaza M, Paladino L, Opara IN, Firstenberg MS, Wilson B, Papadimos TJ. The use of distributed consensus algorithms to curtail the spread of medical misinformation. Int J Acad Med 2019;5:93.  Back to cited text no. 8
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Stawicki SP, Firstenberg , Papadimos TJ. The Growing Role of Social Media in International Health Security: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly, in Global Health Security. Cham, Switzerland: Springer; 2020. p. 341-57.  Back to cited text no. 9
Conti K, Desai S, Stawicki SP, Papadimos TJ. The Evolving Interplay between Social Media and International Health Security: A Point of View, in Contemporary Developments and Perspectives in International Health Security-Volume 1. London, UK: IntechOpen; 2020.  Back to cited text no. 10
Chauhan V, Galwankar S, Arquilla B, Garg M, Somma SD, El-Menyar A, et al. Novel coronavirus (COVID-19): Leveraging telemedicine to optimize care while minimizing exposures and viral transmission. J Emerg Trauma Shock 2020;13:20-4.  Back to cited text no. 11
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Correspondence Address:
Stanislaw P Stawicki
Department of Research and Innovation, St. Lukes University Health Network, 801 Ostrum Street, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-2700.302528

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