Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 261-267

Patterns and outcomes of medical admissions in the accident and emergency department of a tertiary health center in a rural community of Ekiti, Nigeria

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiac Care Centre, Federal Medical Centre, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti, Nigeria
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Diabetes and Metabolism Unit, Ladoke-Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Ogbomosho, Oyo, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Olarinde Jeffrey Ogunmola
Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiac Care Centre, Federal Medical Centre, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-2700.142744

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Background: Low and middle-income countries like Nigeria face many challenges in emergency medical care owing to poor treatment facilities and inadequately trained personnel. Most Nigerians live in rural areas. The disease and death burdens in accident and emergency departments in this setting have not been closely studied. Aim: To determine the basic demographics, disease burden, and outcomes for accident and emergency admissions. Settings and Design: This retrospective study was carried out on patients admitted to an accident and emergency department. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of medical admissions to the accident and emergency wards of the Federal Medical Centre, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State, southwest Nigeria, between January 2010 and December 2012. Statistical analysis used: The data were analyzed using SPSS Version 16 software. The results were presented in descriptive and tabular forms. Result: In all, 2922 patients were admitted during the study period (age range, 11-100 years; mean, 51.89 ± 20.11 years). There were 1679 (57.5%) males and 1243 (42.5%) females, with a ratio of 1.4:1. Young adults (aged 40 years and under) formed the highest age group (46.8%). The number of patients admitted for non-communicable diseases were high (1989 patients: 68.07%). Among non-communicable diseases, cardiovascular disorders were the most frequent (797; 27.28%). The most common cause of deaths was cardiovascular disease (33.5%). Conclusion: Young adults and males were the groups most commonly admitted. Non-communicable diseases were more frequent than communicable diseases. The proportion of patients discharged against medical advice and fatalities requires urgent attention.

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