Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 55-61

Pediatric trauma in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges in overcoming the scourge

1 Department of Surgery, Pediatric Surgery Unit, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, Pediatric Surgery Unit, University of Calabar, Cross-Rivers State, Nigeria
3 Department of Surgery, Orthopaedic and Trauma Unit, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Osun state, Nigeria
4 Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
5 Department of Surgery, Pediatric Surgery Unit, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana, South Africa
6 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Trauma Unit, Red Cross Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Correspondence Address:
Adesoji O Ademuyiwa
Department of Surgery, Pediatric Surgery Unit, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-2700.93114

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All over the world, pediatric trauma has emerged as an important public health problem. It accounts for the highest mortality in children and young adults in developed countries. Reports from Africa on trauma in the pediatric age group are few and most have been single center experience. In many low-and middle-income countries, the death rates from trauma in the pediatric age group exceed those found in developed countries. Much of this mortality is preventable by developing suitable preventive measures, implementing an effective trauma system and adapting interventions that have been implemented in developed countries that have led to significant reduction in both morbidity and mortality. This review of literature on the subject by pediatric and orthopedic surgeons from different centers in Africa aims to highlight the challenges faced in the care of these patients and proffer solutions to the scourge.

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