Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 369-377

Simulation-based team training at the sharp end: A qualitative study of simulation-based team training design, implementation, and evaluation in healthcare

1 Department of Psychology and Institute for Simulation and Training, University of Central Florida, Orlando Florida, USA
2 William Lehman Injury Research Center, Miami, Florida, USA
3 University of Miami-Jackson Memorial Hospital Center for Patient Safety, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA
4 Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Health Affairs) TRICARE Management Activity, Falls Church, Virginia, USA

Correspondence Address:
Eduardo Salas
Department of Psychology and Institute for Simulation and Training, University of Central Florida, Orlando Florida
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Source of Support: The Department of Defense (Award Number W81XWH-05- 1-0372)., Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-2700.70754

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This article provides a qualitative review of the published literature dealing with the design, implementation, and evaluation of simulation-based team training (SBTT) in healthcare with the purpose of providing synthesis of the present state of the science to guide practice and future research. A systematic literature review was conducted and produced 27 articles meeting the inclusion criteria. These articles were coded using a low-inference content analysis coding scheme designed to extract important information about the training program. Results are summarized in 10 themes describing important considerations for what occurs before, during, and after a training event. Both across disciplines and within Emergency Medicine (EM), SBTT has been shown to be an effective method for increasing teamwork skills. However, the literature to date has underspecified some of the fundamental features of the training programs, impeding the dissemination of lessons learned. Implications of this study are discussed for team training in EM.

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